Anti-Communism in the Federal Republic of Germany

William Graf


It is scarcely an exaggeration to state that the ideological foundation of the West German partial state has been, and is anti-communism. Although anti-communism in the FRG performs substantially the same social functions as it does in advanced capitalist countries elsewhere-ersatz ideology, social discipline, rationale for class domination-the special conditions prevailing there since 1945 have formed and developed it in specific, distinguishable ways. And like the other elements of class domination, it is dynamic, evolving and hence constantly being reproduced and transformed. It is these special conditions and this dynamic quality (which for now might be summed up as the post-fascist society, the country's position as 'front line' in the Cold War, the 'internalization' of class conflict and the 'successful' capitalist political economy) that lend West German anti-communism its peculiar shape and substance. In what follows, an attempt is made to analyse and comprehend both the 'specificity' and the 'universality' of anti-communism in the FRG.

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